Work environment and low back pain : the influence of occupational activities.
Objectives-To find associations between the prevalence of low back pain and occupational activities.
Method-Interviews of a random sample of 5185 19-59 year old Danish employees analysed by logistic regression.
Increased risks of low back pain were found for « vibration affecting the whole body » (odds ratio (OR)=1.28), « physically hard work » (OR=1.28), « frequently twisting or bending » (OR=1.71), « standing up » (OR=1.20), and « concentration demands » (OR=1.28).
In the analysis of dose-response relations between low back pain and the risk factors, the one year period prevalence increased with increasing exposure time during a working day to each of the risk factors.
The prevalence proportion ratio for those reporting to be exposed for most of the working time were 1.30 for vibrations affecting the whole body, 1.54 for physically hard work, 1.48 for frequently twisting or bending, 1.29 for standing up, and 1.13 for concentration demands.
These associations seemed to be stronger in the subset of subjects who worked for 37 hours or more per week.
The population attributable fractions were 15.1% for frequently twisting or bending, 15.0% for standing up, 7.6% for concentration demands, and 4.4% for physically hard work. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu professionnel, Activité professionnelle, Médecine travail, Lombalgie, Facteur risque, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Danemark, Europe, Poste travail, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational environment, Professional activity, Occupational medicine, Low back pain, Risk factor, Occupational exposure, Human, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Denmark, Europe, Workplace layout, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0503727
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 13/02/1998.