This study was carried out to investigate the incidence and causes of long-term sickness absence in an NHS teaching hospital and to explore the role of the Occupational Health Service (OHS) in the management of long-term absence.
Examination of attendance records of non-medical staff revealed an annual loss of 20,772 days due to spells of absence lasting 30 calendar days or more, (incidence 0.0528/WTE employees/year, prevalence 5.53 days long-term absence/WTE employee/year).
A self-administered questionnaire was sent to 190 staff who had taken long-term absence during the previous 12 months.
The response rate was 75%. Musculoskeletal problems and back pain in particular were the main reasons for absence, accounting for 30% of total days lost.
Work-related illness made an important contribution with a third of those with musculoskeletal and a quarter of those with mental illness attributing the reason for their absence to work.
Many staff reported non-medical factors such as delays in waiting for treatment and anxiety about return to work which prevented them from returning to work sooner.
Only a minority of staff had attended OHS and referral was often delayed.
OHS may have an important role to play in both prevention and management of long-term absence by early assessment and intervention such as expediting treatment or arranging rehabilitation programmes.
However in order to be effective, a clear policy to encourage early and consistent referral is required.
Mots-clés Pascal : Centre hospitalier universitaire, Prévalence, Absentéisme, Long terme, Infirmier, Personnel sanitaire, Royaume Uni, Europe, Incidence, Hôpital, Questionnaire, Administration publique, Prévention, Maladie, Homme, Congé maladie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Teaching hospital, Prevalence, Absenteeism, Long term, Nurse, Health staff, United Kingdom, Europe, Incidence, Hospital, Questionnaire, Civil service, Prevention, Disease, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0498811
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 13/02/1998.