The welfare state, having reached maturity in most European countries, faces challenges from economic, social and political developments.
Some studies argue that common pressures are likely to evoke similar responses ; otherds suggest that the differences between welfare regimes both permit and require different policies.
It is also suggested that the single European market will require convergence in tax regimes, social provision and entitlements to ensure fairer competition and to prevent « social dumping ».
Analysis of data from a survey of politicians, representatives of business, trade unions, civil servants and others shows some convergence in the recognition of problems in welfarepolicy and in ideas about finance.
However, debate about the response to similar issues often differs, according to the detail of institutional structure and the pattern of interests it produces.
Mots-clés Pascal : Protection sociale, Enquête, Entreprise, Prévision, Etude comparative, Communauté européenne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Welfare aids, Survey, Firm, Forecasting, Comparative study, European community
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 97/03 V
Code Inist : 002B30A01A. Création : 13/02/1998.