Population control, as a major international development strategy, is a relatively recent phenomenon.
However, its origins reach back to social currents in the 19th and 20th centuries, culminating in an organized birth control movement in Europe and the United States.
The conflicts and contradictions in that movement's history presage many of today's debates over population policy and women's rights.
Eugenics had a deep influence on the U.S. birth control movement in the first half of the 20th century.
After World War II private agencies and foundations played an important role in legitimizing population control as a way to secure Western control over Third World resources and stem political instability.
In the late 1960s the U.S. government beacame a major funder of population control programs overseas and built multilateral support through establishment of the U.N. Fund for Population Activities.
At the 1974 World Population Conference, Third world governments challenged the primacy of population control.
While their critique led population agencies to change strategies, population control remained a component of international development and national security policies in the United States.
Mots-clés Pascal : Population, Planning familial, Histoire, Classe sociale, Inégalité, Pays industrialisé, Etats Unis, Europe, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Population, Family planning, History, Social class, Inequality, Industrialized country, United States, Europe, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 97 V
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 13/02/1998.