In all high-income nations, the welfare state is under challenge, with particular concern voiced about the burden of retirement pensions on the the public fisc and on younger workers.
The strongest drive against social insurance is taking place in the United States, which has less of it than other nations and appears to be in the best position to meet future entitlement claims.
In this article, the author examines the liabilities that the U.S. Social Security system is likely to incur over the next 35 years and finds there is little danger that the system will fall into insolvency.
Privatizing social security is not necessary to assure the integrity of future pension benefits.
Furthermore, the cost-benefit ratio of privatization appears to be unfavorable, as borne out by the mandatory private pension plan in effect in Chile.
Some wealthy nations will face greater demographic strains than the United States, but all need to retain the welfare state as a foundation for future changes in the world of work.
Mots-clés Pascal : Protection sociale, Démographie, Privatisation, Economie, Coût, Financement, Etats Unis
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Welfare aids, Demography, Privatisation, Economy, Costs, Financing, United States
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 97 V
Code Inist : 002B30A01A01. Création : 13/02/1998.