Targeted nutritional interventions have demonstrated the beneficial influences of nutrition programs for children such as the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC program).
However, we believe that the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, signed into law August 22,1996, will drastically revise food accessibility for poor families.
This law expands flexibility to states in operating nutrition programs while reducing funding by approximately $26 billion.
Currently for many child nutrition programs, there are more eligible individuals than can be served even at the present level of funding.
We have serious concerns that financial reductions and administrative obstacles will gravely affect the health and development of high-risk, poor children.
The WIC program was envisioned to provide nutritional safety nets for low-income pregnant and lactating women as well as infants and children until the age of 5 years.
Research supports that nutritional resources available during childhood are essential to avoid detrimental effects in the cognitive development of children and in their productivity as adults.
Nutritional deficit, such as iron deficiency, has been proved to be associated with behavioral, learning, and cognitive problems during childhood.
Once the welfare law is implemented, child advocates anticipate that the number of children living in poverty and eligible for nutrition programs will increase. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Alimentation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Législation, Aide sociale, Evolution, Risque, Etat nutritionnel, Enfant, Homme, Nourrisson, Carence alimentaire, Recommandation, Politique, Pauvreté
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Feeding, United States, North America, America, Legislation, Social help, Evolution, Risk, Nutritional status, Child, Human, Infant, Nutritional deficiency, Recommendation, Policy, Poverty
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0491823
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 03/02/1998.