Some, but not all, epidemiological studies have suggested that dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) may play a role in the development of breast cancer.
These investigations have been conducted in countries where this substance has been banned for at least 20 years.
We conducted a study in Mexico, a country in which DDT is still being used to control malaria.
In a hospital-based case-control study, we compared 141 histologically confirmed cases of breast cancer with 141 age-matched controls (±3 years).
All subjects were identified at three referral hospitals of Mexico City between March 1994 and April 1996.
Reproductive histories and other variables were obtained by structured interviews, DDT/DDE levels were determined in serum by gas-liquid chromatography.
The arithmetic mean of serum DDE in lipid basis was 562.48 ± 676.18 ppb (range, 10.24-4661.44) for the cases and 505.46 ± 567.22 ppb (range, 0.004 to 4361.75) for the controls, but this difference was not statistically significant.
The age-adjusted odds ratios for breast cancer regarding the serum level of DDE were 0.69 (95% confidence interval, 0.38-1.24) and 0.97 (confidence interval, 0.55-1.70) for the contrasts between tertile 1 (lowest level) and tertiles 2 and 3, respectively.
These estimates were unaffected by adjustment for body mass, accumulated time of breast-feeding and menopause, and other breast cancer risk factors. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : DDT, Toxicité, Epidémiologie, Mexique, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Facteur risque, Tumeur maligne, Glande mammaire, Homme, Femelle, Etude cas témoin, Taux concentration, Sang, Effet environnement, Organochloré, Insecticide, Glande mammaire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : DDT, Toxicity, Epidemiology, Mexico, Central America, America, Risk factor, Malignant tumor, Mammary gland, Human, Female, Case control study, Concentration factor, Blood, Environmental effect, Organochlorine compounds, Insecticide, Mammary gland diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0490912
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 03/02/1998.