The purpose of this study was to compare epidemiological trends in suicide for the three regions of the United Kingdom (England and Wales, Northem Ireland, and Scotland) and for Ireland from 1960 to 1990.
The data on suicide rates were obtained from the World Health Organization statistical base, supplemented by data from the statistical offices of the four regions.
While the suicide rates in Ireland, Northem Ireland and Scotland increased during the period under study, English/Welsh suicide rates first declined and then held steady.
In Ireland, both male and female suicide rates increased, whereas in the other regions only male suicide rates rose.
According to age, in England and Wales, suicide rates rose for male teenagers and young males, while for the other regions male suicide rates increased in general for all age groups.
Social indicators (unemployment, marriage and birth rates) were quite successful in predicting male suicide rates in all four regions and in predicting female suicide rates in England and Wales and in Ireland.
The results emphasize the importance of studying several regions in epidemiological studies in order to identify which trends are general and which are unique to one nation.
In the present study, the epidemiological trends for suicide in England and Wales were quite different from those in the other three regions. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Irlande, Suicide, Evolution, Facteur prédictif, Aspect social, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe, Ireland, Suicide, Evolution, Predictive factor, Social aspect, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0490558
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 03/02/1998.