The objective of this study was to compare workers from chromium, nickel-chromium, and zinc electroplating factories with regards to nasal septum lesions and lung function.
Also investigated was the relationship between chromium levels in air and urine.
A total of 189 workers from 11 electroplating factories (three chromium, six nickel-chromium, two zinc) were chosen from central Taiwan.
All subjects were interviewed by constructed-questionnaire, given a nasal examination by a certified otolaryngologist and a lung function test.
In the chromium factories 30.8% of the workers showed evidence of nasal septum perforations and 38.5% showed evidence of nasal septum ulcers.
A Mantel extension test for trend showed that workers in the chromium factories were 31.7 times more likely to experience nasal ulcers than nickel-chromium and zinc factory workers.
Those who worked in the electroplating tank area were 4.2 times more likely to experience ulcers and those with over 9 years'experience were 30.8 times more likely.
A comparison of lung function adjusted for age, gender and smoking habit among workers showed that vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) were all significantly decreased among chromium factory workers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Chromique acide, Dépôt électrolytique, Traitement surface, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Industrie, Homme, Toxicité, Cloison nasale, Nez, Fonction respiratoire, Chrome, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, ORL pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chromic acid, Electrodeposition, Surface treatment, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Industry, Human, Toxicity, Nasal septum, Nose, Lung function, Chromium, Respiratory disease, ENT disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0489325
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 03/02/1998.