Brazil is a recently industrialised country with marked contrasts in social and economic development.
The availability of public/private services in its different regions also varies.
Health indicators follow these trends.
Occupational health is a vast new field, as in other developing countries.
Occupational medicine is a required subject in graduation courses for physicians.
Specialisation courses for university graduated professionals have more than 700 hours of lectures and train occupational health physicians, safety engineers and nursing staff.
At the technical level, there are courses with up to 1300 hours for the training of safety inspectors.
Until 1986 about 19 000 occupational health physicians, 18 000 safety engineers and 51 000 safety inspectors had been officially registered.
Although in its infancy, postgraduation has attracted professionals at university level, through residence programmes as well as masters and doctors degrees, whereby at least a hundred good-quality research studies have been produced so far.
Occupational health activities are controlled by law.
Undertakings with higher risks and larger number of employees are required to hire specialised technical staff.
In 1995 the Ministry of Labour demanded programmes of medical control of occupational health (PCMSO) for every worker as well as a programme of prevention of environmental hazards (PPRA). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Médecine travail, Enseignement, Pays en développement, Médecin, Etude générale, Exposition professionnelle, Accident travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Brazil, South America, America, Occupational medicine, Teaching, Developing countries, Physician, General study, Occupational exposure, Occupational accident
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0487369
Code Inist : 002B30B03. Création : 03/02/1998.