A survey among 3061 secondary school children in four provinces in Zimbabwe was conducted in 1994.
In the present paper, the relationships between cultural and social factors and use of inhalants and cannabis are explored.
Respondents were selected by means of a two-stage sample design, first based on a complete list of schools in the four provinces and subsequently on lists of students at the randomly selected schools.
Stratification was based on the identification of four different sociocultural groups.
Data collection followed standardised procedures and was conducted by a research team from University of Zimbabwe.
Cultural orientation was operationalised by means of a Likert-type 14-item scale on choice of media, language and music.
Exploratory principal component analysis revealed a two-factor solution, representing a global or Western cultural orientation and a local or Zimbabwean cultural orientation.
Drug use by older siblings and best friends represented social factors.
A combined model of cultural and social variables was subject to a multiple logistic regression analysis.
Results revealed that the social variables and global cultural orientation were significantly associated with increased use of both drugs, whereas a local cultural orientation was found not to be associated with use of these substances.
Findings are discussed in the light of historical and cultural factors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Adolescent, Homme, Toxicomanie, Cannabis, Cannabidaceae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Inhalation, Solvant organique, Epidémiologie, Milieu culturel, Choix, Zimbabwe, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Adolescent, Human, Drug addiction, Cannabis, Cannabidaceae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Inhalation, Organic solvent, Epidemiology, Cultural environment, Choice, Zimbabwe, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0486854
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 03/02/1998.