Trends in mesothelioma incidence and occupational mesotheliomas in Finland in 1960-1995.
Objectives The study analyzed the recent trend in the incidence of mesothelioma in Finland and evaluated the coverage of reporting work-related mesothelioma.
Methods The incidence of mesothelioma in 1960-1995 was retrieved from the Finnish Cancer Registry, and the number of asbestos-associated work-related mesotheliomas were taken from the Finnish Register of Occupational Diseases.
Results The annual number of mesotheliomas increased rapidly in 1975-1990.
In the 1990s, the age-adjusted incidence remained relatively stable for Finnish men.
The annual number of cases still increased among men over 65 years of age, but decreased slightly among men under 55 years of age and among women.
About 35 annual cases were diagnosed among men and 10-15 among women in the mid-1990s.
The reporting of work-related mesotheliomas improved during the Finnish asbestos program in 1987-1992.
In 1993-1995 about 30 annual cases (ie, about 90% of all pleural and 50% of the peritoneal mesotheliomas in men) were reported to be work-related.
Conclusions The increasing trend in the incidence of mesothelioma in Finland has slowed down in the 1990s, and the maximum of asbestos-related cases in the early 2000s will probably be clearly less than the 100 annual cases estimated in the early 1990s.
If the observed trend continues up to 2010, about 40-50 cases among men and 10-20 among women will then be diagnosed annually.
Altogether 40-50 of these cases would be related to occupational asbestos exposure.
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinogène, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Mésothéliome malin, Homme, Finlande, Europe, Epidémiologie, Etude longitudinale, Amiante, Fibre minérale, Chrysotile, Crocidolite, Plèvre, Péritoine, Tumeur maligne, Toxicité, Anthophyllite
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Carcinogen, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Malignant mesothelioma, Human, Finland, Europe, Epidemiology, Follow up study, Asbestos, Mineral fiber, Pleura, Peritoneum, Malignant tumor, Toxicity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0482506
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 03/02/1998.