The scientific literature on work-related back disorders was reviewed to identify consistent risk factors and to determine the strength of the association between the two.
Thirty-five publications were selected with quantitative information.
Lifting or carrying loads, whole-body vibration, and frequent bending and twisting proved to be the physical load risk factors consistently associated with work-related back disorders.
Job dissatisfaction and low job decision latitude proved to be important, but the evidence was not consistent across different studies and study designs.
The epidemiologic studies illustrated the importance of several confounders, especially age, smoking habits, and education.
In this review, gender, height, weight, exercise, and marital status were consistently not associated with back disorders in occupational populations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Charge travail, Exposition professionnelle, Lombalgie, Médecine travail, Homme, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Posture, Manutention, Vibration, Sexe, Age, Taille, Revue bibliographique, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie, Poids corporel, Exercice physique, Statut conjugal
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Review, Workload, Occupational exposure, Low back pain, Occupational medicine, Human, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Posture, Handling, Vibration, Sex, Age, Size, Bibliographic review, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia, Body weight, Physical exercise, Marital status
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0482504
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 03/02/1998.