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  1. Associations between lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors in 18-year-old Australians.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    This study aimed to examine associations between cardiovascular risk factors and variables reflect-ing health-related behaviors in 18-year-old Australians.

    Methods 

    Anthropometry, blood pressure, nonfasting serum cholesterol, and physical fitness were measured in 301 male and 286 female Australian 18-year-olds.

    Usual physical activity, smoking, and drinking habits were assessed by questionnaire.

    Results 

    Systolic (SBP), with mean SBP higher by 14 mm Hg in males, related positively to weight for height for age and « unsafe » drinking (exceeding Australian national guidelines) and negatively to fitness and birth weight.

    Total cholesterol, which was positively associated with waist-hip ratio and negatively with fitness, was higher in females [mean 4.4 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.3,4.5] than in males (mean 4.1 mmol/L, 95% CI 4.0,4.2).

    In 24% of males and 48% of females, usual levels of physical activity were low, consistent with lower scores on fitness tests in females.

    Thirty percent of males and 24% of females regularly drank at « unsafe, » levels while 26% of males and 29% of females smoked.

    Smoking was associated with « unsafe » drinking.

    Conclusion 

    Cardiovascular risk factors in 18-year-olds are related to smoking, « unsafe » drinking, and physical inactivity, particularly in females.

    These behaviors should be targeted in designing multimodal health promotion programs appropriate for these young adults.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Mode de vie, Exercice physique, Consommation, Tabac, Boisson alcoolisée, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Life habit, Physical exercise, Consumption, Tobacco, Alcoholic beverage, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0482382

    Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 03/02/1998.