Childhood adversity and adult psychiatric disorder in the US National Comorbidity Survey.
Survey data are presented on the associations between retrospectively reported childhood adversities and subsequent onset and persistence of DSM-III-R disorders.
Data come from the US National Comorbidity Survey, a large survey of the US household population.
Twenty-six adversities were considered, including loss events (e.g. parental divorce), parental psychopathologies (e.g. maternal depression), interpersonal traumas (e.g. rape) and other adversities (e.g. natural disaster).
These adversities were consistently associated with onset, but not persistence, of DSM-III-R mood disorders, anxiety disorders, addictive disorders and acting out disorders.
Most bivariate associations with onset attenuated in models that controlled for clustering of adversities and for lifetime co-morbidities among psychiatric disorders.
Multivariate effects of adversities in logistic models were additive, which means that they have multiplicative effects on probability of disorder onset.
Adversities showed little specificity.
An analysis of time decay showed that the effects of childhood adversities on disorder onset persist beyond childhood.
The existence of strong clustering among childhood adversities and lifetime co-morbidity among adult disorders means that caution is needed in interpreting the results of previous single-adversity single-disorder studies as documenting unique effects of specific childhood adversities on specific adult disorders. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Adulte, Homme, Antécédent, Evénement existentiel, Traumatisme infantile, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Adult, Human, Antecedent, Life events, Early traumatism, Epidemiology, Risk factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0480817
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 03/02/1998.