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  1. One hundred in-patient suicides.

    Article - En anglais

    Background The study aimed to define the characteristics and assess the clinical predictability and possible prevention of psychiatric in-patient suicides.

    Method The coroner's files on all suicides in the Greater Montreal Region from 1 April 1986 to 31 March 1991 were examined.

    The medical records ofeach case ofsuspected in-patient suicide were then reviewed and rated for predictability and preventive measures taken.

    Results Atotal of 3079 suicides were recorded over this five-year period (mean annual rate of 16.4 per 100 000 inhabitants).

    Ofthese, 104 (3.4%) involved hospital in-patients.

    Nearly half (48%) of these in-patient suicides occurred outside the hospital setting.

    The methods most frequently employed were hanging (36%) and jumping from high places (24%). Patients suffering from an affective disorder (45%) or schizophrenia (35%) comprised the majority ofthe sample.

    Suicides were significantly more predictable in general hospital psychiatric wards.

    Suicide prevention measures did not differ significantly across settings.

    Conclusions The majority of in-patient suicides were not highly predictable.

    For highly predictable suicides, the results underline the importance of actively treating and protecting these patients.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Symptomatologie, Prédiction, Prévention, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Québec, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Symptomatology, Prediction, Prevention, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Quebec, Canada, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0480669

    Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 03/02/1998.