Helpfulness of interventions for mental disorders : beliefs of health professionals compared with the general public.
Background The study aimed to compare the beliefs of health professionals about the potential helpfulness of various mental health interventions with those of the general public.
Method Surveys were carried out n Australia of 872 general practitioners, 1128 psychiatrists, 454 clinical psychologists and 2031 members ofthe public.
Respondents were presented with a case vignette describing either a person with depression or one with schizophrenia.
Respondents were asked to rate the likely helpfulness of various types of professional and non-professional help and of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions.
Results The professionals gave much higher ratings than the public to the helpfulness of antidepressants for depression, and ofantipsychotics and admission to a psychiatric ward for schizophrenia.
Conversely, the public tended to give much more favourable ratings to vitamins and minerals and special diets for both depression and schizophrenia, and to reading self-help books for schizophrenia.
Conclusion The beliefs that health practitioners hold about mental disorders differ greatly from those ofthe general public.
There is a need for mental health education campaigns to help close the gap between professional and public beliefs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Efficacité traitement, Soin, Psychiatre, Médecin généraliste, Psychologue clinicien, Etude comparative, Opinion publique, Enquête, Attitude, Personnel sanitaire, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Treatment efficiency, Care, Psychiatrist, General practitioner, Clinicien psychologist, Comparative study, Public opinion, Survey, Attitude, Health staff, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0480664
Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 03/02/1998.