European Symposium : Ethical and Legal Issues of DNA Typing in Forensic Medicine. .
Since the first application of DNA profiling by forensic scientists to problems of identification in the late 1980's, there have been a number of aspects of such evidence which have been subject of challenge by the defence.
In the UK, the most commonly used form of DNA testing at the present time is STR typing based on PCR technology, but this is relatively new, and it is the single locus probe testing which was used extensively until 1994 that is mainly drawn upon to provide examples of « criticisms and concerns ».
Challenges that have been made to the various stages of DNA profiling (i.e., sample collection, production of DNA profiling, matching the profiles, evaluation of the results and presentation of evidence) are all considered.
Example cases to illustrate the issues which have been raised, are presented.
Some consideration is given to the more recently developed STR typing and mention is made of the guidelines laid down in the Court of Appeal in London in July 1996, concerning the way in which DNA evidence should be presented by the scientists to the Court.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Identification génétique, Aspect médicolégal, Ethique, Réglementation, Royaume Uni, Europe, Aspect juridique, Médecine légale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Genetic identification, Forensic aspect, Ethics, Regulation, United Kingdom, Europe, Legal aspect, Legal medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0471155
Code Inist : 002A07C03. Création : 03/02/1998.