Research to examine, understand, and improve the usefulness and effectiveness of HIV counseling and testing (HIV CT) has been challenging, to some extent because of a less than fully articulated conceptual framework.
The goal of this article is to place HIV CT in a conceptual and theoretical context, not only of counseling and psychotherapy but also of a larger framework of models of behavior change.
Counseling approaches are also compared with respect to how well they address five tasks of HIV counseling : relationship building, risk assessment, dissemination of information, behavior change, and emotional and coping support.
No single counseling approach was found to meet all of these tasks.
Behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches were considered most relevant to the tasks of HIV counseling, whereas client-centered and crisis counseling approaches were appropriate for the relationship building and emotional/coping support components of HIV counseling.
In addition, this article provides a more differentiated view of HIV CT and suggests how further research into the effectiveness of HIV counseling can be informed by primary underlying counseling theories.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Dépistage, Conseil clinique, Prévention, Concept, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Medical screening, Clinical counseling, Prevention, Concept, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0467531
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 03/02/1998.