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  1. Concepts, goals, and techniques of counseling : Review and implications for HIV counseling and testing.

    Article - En anglais

    Research to examine, understand, and improve the usefulness and effectiveness of HIV counseling and testing (HIV CT) has been challenging, to some extent because of a less than fully articulated conceptual framework.

    The goal of this article is to place HIV CT in a conceptual and theoretical context, not only of counseling and psychotherapy but also of a larger framework of models of behavior change.

    Counseling approaches are also compared with respect to how well they address five tasks of HIV counseling : relationship building, risk assessment, dissemination of information, behavior change, and emotional and coping support.

    No single counseling approach was found to meet all of these tasks.

    Behavioral and cognitive-behavioral approaches were considered most relevant to the tasks of HIV counseling, whereas client-centered and crisis counseling approaches were appropriate for the relationship building and emotional/coping support components of HIV counseling.

    In addition, this article provides a more differentiated view of HIV CT and suggests how further research into the effectiveness of HIV counseling can be informed by primary underlying counseling theories.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Dépistage, Conseil clinique, Prévention, Concept, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Medical screening, Clinical counseling, Prevention, Concept, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0467531

    Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 03/02/1998.