To assess the impact of a comprehensive heart failure management program, functional status, hospital readmission rate and estimated hospital costs were determined and compared for the 6 months before and the 6 months after referral.
The course of advanced heart failure is characterized by progressive clinical deterioration reflected in frequent hospital admissions, which comprise the major financial cost.
Over a 3-year period, 214 patients were accepted for heart transplantation and discharged after evaluation, which included adjustments in medical therapy and intensive patient education.
Patients were in New York Heart Association functional class III or IV (94 and 120 patients, respectively), with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 0.21, peak oxygen consumption of 11 ml/kg per min and a total of 429 hospital admissions in the previous 6 months (average 2.0 per patient).
Changes in the medical regimen included a 98% increase in angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor dose and a flexible diuretic regimen after 4.2-liter net diuresis, with counseling also regarding diet and progressive exercise.
During the 6 months after referral, there were only 63 hospital readmissions (85% reduction), with 0.29/patient (p<0.0001).
Functional status improved as assessed by functional class (p<0.0001) and peak oxygen consumption (15.2 vs. 11.0 ml/kg per min, p<0.001). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Insuffisance cardiaque, Chimiothérapie, Hémodynamique, Hospitalisation, Récidive, Coût, Economie santé, Traitement, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Cardiopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Heart failure, Chemotherapy, Hemodynamics, Hospitalization, Relapse, Costs, Health economy, Treatment, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Heart disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0466606
Code Inist : 002B12A01. Création : 03/02/1998.