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  1. Preemption in tobacco control : Review of an emerging public health problem.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    - To describe the nature, extent, and public health significance of state legislation that preempts the local regulation of tobacco.

    Data Sources

    - A computerized database of local tobacco control ordinances, state tobacco control laws, preemption bills introduced during the 1996 state legislative session, articles obtained through a MEDLINE search (1984-1996) using the key word « preemption » or identified from bibliographies of these articles, public opinion surveys, and newspaper articles.

    Study Selection

    - All identified data sources were used.

    Data Extraction

    - Content analyses of preemption bills and state laws were conducted independently by multiple observers.

    Data Synthesis

    - There has been a striking increase in the adoption of local tobacco control ordinances during the past decade ; by the end of 1995, approximately 1006 communities had enacted a local tobacco control ordinance.

    In response, the tobacco industry has advanced legislation in 29 states that preempts local authority to regulate tobacco.

    During the 1996 state legislative session alone, 26 bills containing preemption were introduced, and 2 were enacted.

    Emerging trends in the tobacco industry's strategy to advance preemption laws include (1) amending legitimate tobacco control bills to preempt local tobacco regulation, (2) using the Synar amendment as a vehicle to advance preemption, and (3) promoting « superpreemption » bills that eliminate all local control of tobacco policy. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Politique sanitaire, Ethique, Régulation, Prévention, Homme, Toxicologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Health policy, Ethics, Regulation(control), Prevention, Human, Toxicology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0466228

    Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 03/02/1998.