To estimate the cost of population screening for haemochromatosis in Australia and to compare the cost of alternative screening strategies.
The costs of screening for haemochromatosis were analysed in a hypothetical study using transferrin saturation as the primary screening test, with confirmation of the diagnosis by either liver biopsy or DNA testing for the recently-described haemochromatosis gene.
Screening, with confirmation of the diagnosis by liver biopsy, would cost between US$5079 and US$8813 per case detected (excluding administrative costs), depending on the screening strategy (Aust$=US$0.80).
If a DNA test were used instead of liver biopsy, the cost would be reduced to an estimated US$3954-US$4410 per case.
This would be further reduced to US$2457 by detection of additional cases by screening family members.
The least costly strategy utilised a transferrin saturation threshold of 55% and DNA testing for confirmation of the diagnosis ; however, a transferrin saturation threshold of 45% increased the cost only marginally.
The initial screening step (transferrin saturation) accounted for 74% - 94% of the estimated cost of the screening programme.
Screening for haemochromatosis using transferrin saturation involves relatively modest costs which may be recovered if complications of haemochromatosis can be prevented by early detection and treatment. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hémochromatose, Australie, Océanie, Saturation, Transferrine, Méthode, Dépistage, Marqueur génétique, Coût, Homme, Pigment, Métabolisme pathologie, Enzymopathie, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hemochromatosis, Australia, Oceania, Saturation, Transferrin, Method, Medical screening, Genetic marker, Costs, Human, Pigments, Metabolic diseases, Enzymopathy, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0451025
Code Inist : 002B22E03. Création : 03/02/1998.