Drug use prevalence data were obtained from 969 adolescents, high school students and imprisoned offenders who reported use of cough medicine, organic solvents, cannabis, heroin, tranquilizers, and narcotics over the past six months.
Incarcerated youths, in particular girls, had higher prevalence rates than students.
Drug use frequencies were associated with psychosocial variables such as disinhibition, peer drug use, susceptibility to peer pressure, attitudes, encouragement by peers, and perceived availability of drugs.
The psychosocial process of the initiation and maintenance of substance use was specified as a path model that considered 1) personality and social environment as distal precursors and 2) a drug-use predisposition and perceived availability as proximal precursors of three kinds of outcome variables : drug use, the intention to try illicit drugs if they were legal, and adverse outcomes of drug use.
It was found that the same structural equation model fit the data of both samples of offenders and students, however, with very different weights assigned to the paths.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Substance toxicomanogène, Toxicomanie, Etude comparative, Délinquance juvénile, Relation interpair, Personnalité, Environnement social, Attitude, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Intention, Hong Kong, Asie, Adolescent, Homme, Désinhibition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Drug of abuse, Drug addiction, Comparative study, Juvenile delinquency, Peer relation, Personality, Social environment, Attitude, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Intention, Hong Kong, Asia, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0449514
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 03/02/1998.