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  1. Impact of a critical pathway on the results of carotid endarterectomy in a tertiary care university hospital : Effect of methods on outcome.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    A carotid endarterectomy critical pathway (CP) targeting a 3-day postoperative course was introduced in March 1994.

    This retrospective analysis assesses its impact on operative results, postoperative length of stay (POD), and cost of hospitalization (COH).

    Methods 

    One hundred eighty-six patients who underwent 201 carotid endarterectomy procedures from Nov. 1992 to Feb. 1994 (Pre-CP ; n=67) and from Apr. 1994 to Jul. 1995 (Post-CP ; n=134) at Johns Hopkins Hospital, a tertiary care referral center, were evaluated.

    Results 

    The Pre-CP and Post-CP groups had similar risk factors, postoperative morbidity rates, and mortality rates.

    Furthermore, they had similar mean POD (Pre-CP, 6.0 ± 0.5 days ; Post-CP, 5.7 ± 0.6 days ; p=0.79) and COH.

    However, only 85 of the Post-CP (63%) patients were actually placed on the CP (CP-starters) ; the mean POD was 3.4 ± 0.3 days among these CP-starters (p<0.0001) and 2.8 ± 0.1 days among the 74 Post-CP patients (55%) that remained on the pathway (CP-finishers ; p<0.0001).

    The mean COH was reduced from $12,881 (Pre-CP) to $9701 for the CP-starters (p=0.01) and to $8572 for the CP-finishers (p=0.0001).

    However, we found that only 47 of the Pre-CP patients (70%) would have been eligible for the CP, and the mean POD among those cases was 4.2 ± 0.4 days, which was not different than the mean POD among the CP-starters (p=0.17). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Endartériectomie, Carotide, Contrôle coût, Technique, Stratégie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Centre hospitalier universitaire, Pronostic, Aspect économique, Homme, Chirurgie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Endarteriectomy, Carotid, Cost control, Technique, Strategy, United States, North America, America, Teaching hospital, Prognosis, Economic aspect, Human, Surgery

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0448488

    Code Inist : 002B30A04B. Création : 03/02/1998.