Music videos from five genres of music were analyzed for portrayals of tobacco and alcohol use and for portrayals of such behaviors in conjunction with sexuality.
Music videos (n=518) were recorded during randomly selected days and times from four television networks.
Four female and four male observers aged 17 to 24 years were trained to use a standardized content analysis instrument.
All videos were observed by rotating two-person, male-female teams who were required to reach agreement on each behavior that was scored.
Music genre and network differences in behaviors were analyzed with chisquared tests.
A higher percentage (25.7%) of MTV videos than other network videos portrayed tobacco use.
The percentage of videos showing alcohol use was similar on all four networks.
In videos that portrayed tobacco and alcohol use, the lead performer was most often the one smoking or drinking and the use of alcohol was associated with a high degree of sexuality on all the videos.
These data indicate that even modest levels of viewing may result in substantial exposure to glamorized depictions of alcohol and tobacco use and alcohol use coupled with sexuality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Comportement, Musique, Télévision, Média, Sexualité, Erotisme, Modèle, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Behavior, Music, Television, Media, Sexuality, Eroticism, Models, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0447555
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 03/02/1998.