This study characterized exposure-monitoring activities and findings under the Occupational Safety land Health Administration's (OSHA's) 1984 ethylene oxide (EtO) standard.
In-depth mail and telephone surveys were followed by on-site interviews at all EtO-using hospitals in Massachusetts (n=92,96% participation rate).
By 1993, most hospitals had performed personal exposure monitoring for OSHA's 8-hour actions level (95%) and the excursion limit (87%), although most did not meet the 1985 implementation deadline.
In 1993,66% of hospitals reported the installation of EtO alarms to fulfill the standard's « alert »'requirement.
Alarm installation also lagged behind the 1985 deadline and peaked following a series of EtO citations by OSHA.
From 1990 through 1992,23% of hospitals reported having exceeded the action level once or more ; 24% reported having exceeded the excursion limit ; and 33% reported that workers were accidentally exposed to EtO in the absence of personal monitoring.
Almost a decade after passage of the EtO standard, exposure-monitoring requirements were widely, but not completely, implemented.
Work-shift exposures had markedly decreased since the mid-l980s, but overexposures continued to occur widely.
OSHA enforcement appears to have simulated implementation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Oxirane, Exposition professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Milieu hospitalier, Dosimètre, Contrôle, Alarme, Surveillance, Evaluation, Appareillage, Homme, Médecine travail, Toxicité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethylene oxide, Occupational exposure, Health staff, Hospital environment, Dosimeter, Check, Alarm, Surveillance, Evaluation, Instrumentation, Human, Occupational medicine, Toxicity, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0447553
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 03/02/1998.