The purpose of this study was :
(i) to examine the incidence of psychological and medical symptomatology, torture and related trauma in a sample of 191 refugee clients of the Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (STARTTS) in New South Wales (NSW),
and (ii) to identify patterns of current symptoms, patterns of torture and trauma experiences and the relationships between symptoms and experiences.
Analysis of STARTTS client records permitted the coding of the presence/absence of 41 medical and psychological symptoms and of 33 torture and trauma experiences.
Principal components analyses were used to identify patterns of current symptoms and patterns of torture and trauma experiences.
Multiple regression analysis was used to identify relationships between current symptoms and traumatic events in the country of origin or en route to Australia.
Six factors were extracted for both the symptoms and trauma experiences ; the first symptom factor was labelled'core posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)'Regression analysis showed that threats and humiliation, and being forced to watch others being tortured best predicted scores on this factor.
Although core PTSD is the dominant factor in symptomatology, comorbidity is high, with another three symptom factors emerging as meaningful. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Réfugié, Torture, Stress, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Trouble anxieux, Incidence, Epidémiologie, Symptomatologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Refugee, Torture, Stress, Posttraumatic syndrome, Anxiety disorder, Incidence, Epidemiology, Symptomatology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0445919
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 03/02/1998.