Recent concerns in occupational health have shown a shift in emphasis from the study of diseases with well-established pathology toward the investigation of conditions characterized by a range of nonspecific symptoms.
Exposure to potential hazards differing widely in terms of their physical nature or chemical composition, for example, electromagnetic fields, organophosphate-based pesticides, and organic solvents, frequently results in the reporting of a relatively consistent group of symptoms.
Furthermore, these symptoms may arise among groups of workers where no specific physical or chemical cause can be implicated : for example, in many cases of sick building syndrome.
The role of psychosocial factors in the expression of ill-health has been well-documented in the psychological literature.
Important modifying factors include the attitudes and belief systems of the individuals concerned, certain personality and behavior patterns, and the presence of current stress or pre-existing psychological distress.
In addition, social processes may be involved in the generation and reinforcement of health concerns at the group level.
These include the workers'perceptions of the competence and credibility of managers and professionals, and the influence and involvement of the media, pressure groups, and the legal system. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Plainte somatique, Milieu professionnel, Risque accidentel, Exposition, Stress, Personnalité, Attitude, Médecine travail, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Somatic complaint, Occupational environment, Hazard, Exposure, Stress, Personality, Attitude, Occupational medicine, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0445484
Code Inist : 002B18C10. Création : 03/02/1998.