A criteria-based review of the literature.
Of Background Data.
The literature on the epidemiology of low back pain is accumulating, but for the most part studies are restricted to high-income countries, which comprise less than 15% of the world's population.
Little is known about the epidemiology of low back pain in the rest of the world.
To address the imbalance in the literature and to review the relatively few studies on the epidemiology of low back pain in low-and middle-income countries.
Rates from these studies are contrasted with rates from selected high-income countries.
In reviewing the literature, a hypothesis is tested : low back pain rates are higher in low-income countries than in high-income countries, not only because hard physical labor is more prevalent in low-income countries, but also because, unlike high-income countries, hard physical labor for older workers in low-income countries often is unavoidable.
Among other sources, articles for the review come from a search of the MEDLINE bibliographic database, with « back pain » and individual low-and middle-income countries entered as key words.
To avoid recall biases, findings specifically on point prevalence are reviewed.
Within the categories of low-income and high-income countries, low back pain rates vary twofold or more. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Lombalgie, Industrialisation, Pays en développement, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Collecte donnée, Méthodologie, Revue bibliographique, Homme, Tiers monde, Poste travail, Douleur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low back pain, Industrialization, Developing countries, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Data gathering, Methodology, Bibliographic review, Human, Third World, Workplace layout, Pain, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0443988
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 03/02/1998.