The complications of trauma and their associated costs in a level I trauma center.
To estimate the expected costs for acute trauma care, to quantify the costs associated with the development of complications in injury victims, and to determine the deficit incurred by patients in whom complications develop.
A retrospective, cohort design.
A referral trauma center.
A total of 12 088 patients admitted to a single regional trauma center during a period of 5 years.
This is an observational study, and no interventions specific to this study are included in the design.
Main Outcome Measures
(1) The expected costs for injury victims based on readily available clinical data. (2) The costs associated with the most important complications of trauma. (3) The effect of complications on inadequate reimbursement for trauma care.
The expected costs were estimated using a linear model incorporating demographic variables and measures of injury severity.
The expected costs averaged $14 567, and the observed costs averaged $15 032.
Six complications were important predictors of cost.
These included adult respiratory distress syndrome, acute kidney failure, sepsis, pneumonia, decubitus ulceration, and wound infections.
For 1201 individuals with these complications, the predicted costs averaged $23 266 and the observed costs averaged $47 457.
The mean excess costs for a single complication ranged from $6669 to $18 052. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Analyse coût, Aspect économique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Economie santé, Complication, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Cost analysis, Economic aspect, United States, North America, America, Health economy, Complication, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0443411
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 03/02/1998.