The mental health clinic at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, requested assistance to provide services to the 71st Air Rescue Squadron, which had 5 people die and 19 people injured in the bombing at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
A multidisciplinary team composed of mental health providers and a chaplain from bases across Air Combat Command formed the « crisis-intervention team » to assist Patrick.
Within 2 days, approximately 100 squadron personnel were provided services using the Mitchell model of critical-incident stress management, with another 100 receiving various additional forms of crisis support.
Recommendations are made on forming an Air Force crisis-intervention team similar to the U.S. Navy's Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Team and the U.S. Army's mobile combat stress teams.
Additionally, the unique features of the critical-incident stress debriefings and other interventions made are outlined.
Although military mental health professionals already have an arsenal of interventions at their disposal, the critical-incident stress-management model outlined by Mitchell is seen as a valuable toolbox that will further assist our military community maintain mission readiness in an age of more frequent and more dangerous military operations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Etude critique, Guerre, Bombardement microprojectile, Stratégie, Communication information, Education, Militaire, Prévention, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychopathologie, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Critical study, War, Microprojectile bombardment, Strategy, Information communication, Education, Military, Prevention, Human, Nervous system diseases, Psychopathology, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0438594
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 19/12/1997.