Helping the helpers after the bombing in Dhahran : Critical-incident stress services for an air rescue squadron.
The mental health clinic at Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, requested assistance to provide services to the 71st Air Rescue Squadron, which had 5 people die and 19 people injured in the bombing at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
A multidisciplinary team composed of mental health providers and a chaplain from bases across Air Combat Command formed the « crisis-intervention team » to assist Patrick.
Within 2 days, approximately 100 squadron personnel were provided services using the Mitchell model of critical-incident stress management, with another 100 receiving various additional forms of crisis support.
Recommendations are made on forming an Air Force crisis-intervention team similar to the U.S. Navy's Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Team and the U.S. Army's mobile combat stress teams.
Additionally, the unique features of the critical-incident stress debriefings and other interventions made are outlined.
Although military mental health professionals already have an arsenal of interventions at their disposal, the critical-incident stress-management model outlined by Mitchell is seen as a valuable toolbox that will further assist our military community maintain mission readiness in an age of more frequent and more dangerous military operations.
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Etude critique, Guerre, Bombardement microprojectile, Stratégie, Communication information, Education, Militaire, Prévention, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychopathologie, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Critical study, War, Microprojectile bombardment, Strategy, Information communication, Education, Military, Prevention, Human, Nervous system diseases, Psychopathology, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0438594
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 19/12/1997.