Medical officers in the U.S. Army are tasked with screening, evaluating, and processing soldiers in accordance with AR 600-9, the Army's height and weight standards regulation.
This essay traces the origins of the Army's weight standards to the present day.
The Army's height and weight standards have varied markedly, from the crude subjective assessment of selective service candidates at the local draft examination boards at the turn of the century to the modern, highly accurate methods currently used in anthropomorphic research.
The strictness of military recruitment and retention standards closely paralleled changing military personnel requirements in any particular era.
Racial integration and the influx of women into the ranks had noteworthy effects on this history.
The evolution of the Army's weight-control program and screening standards reflects advancements in medical knowledge and technology, societal and political pressure, and the empirical tests of world wars.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids, Armée, Historique, Critère décision, Technique mesure, Evaluation, Ethnie, Programme commande, Homme, Politique sanitaire, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Weight, Army, Case history, Decision criterion, Measurement technique, Evaluation, Ethnic group, Control program, Human, Health policy, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0436657
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 19/12/1997.