Evaluation of certain risk factors for lung cancer in Cracow (Poland) : A case-control study.
The relationship of lung cancer risk to cigarette smoking, occupational exposure, air pollution at permanent residence and usual frequencies of consumption of fruits and vegetables was analysed in a case-control study in Cracow, Poland.
The cases were 176 male lung cancer patients diagnosed in 1992-1994 with histological confirmation of the diagnosis, obtained from the population-based Cracow Cancer Registry, and 341 controls randomly selected from the general population.
Classification of exposure to outside air pollution was based on measured level of total suspended particular matter and sulphur dioxide by particular districts of town (from 1973 to 1980).
Except calculation of odds ratios for male lung cancer associated with exposures among all study subjects, the association between lung cancer risk and frequency of consumption of fruit and vegetables was examined among drinkers of vodka above average.
Risk of lung cancer was increased significantly with increasing number of pack-years of smoking (OR=18.7 for more than 40 pack-years).
The significant inverse association of frequent usual consumption of boiled vegetables was present both among all subjects and among vodka drinkers (OR=4.6 and 12.5, respectively, for a rare consumption).
The risk of male lung cancer was negatively associated with the level of air pollution but positively with the percentage of occupationally exposed. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Bronchopulmonaire, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Pollution air, Exposition professionnelle, Tabagisme, Régime alimentaire, Aliment, Pologne, Europe, Milieu urbain, Etude cas témoin, Homme, Mâle, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Bronchopulmonary, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Air pollution, Occupational exposure, Tobacco smoking, Diet, Food, Poland, Europe, Urban environment, Case control study, Human, Male, Respiratory disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0435907
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 19/12/1997.