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  1. Passivrauchen bei kindern im Alter bis zu 5 Jahren.

    Article - En allemand

    Traduction en anglais : Passive Smoking in Children of up to 5 Years of Age.

    Passive Smoking in Children of up to 5 Years of Age : Passive smoking is a major health risk in young children.

    We investigated the percentage of children with mothers and/or fathers who reported regular smoking.

    Data are the national and regional health surveys of the German Cardiovascular Prevention Study (GCP) conducted from 1984 to 1992 in West Germany. 2538 mothers aged 25-40 years were included.

    The prevalence of passive smoking in children due to smoking mothers was 33.6%. 55.4% of the children up to 5 years lived in hous-holds with at least one smoking parent member.

    In 23.4% of these households both parents were smokers.

    If only one member of the parents smoked this was in two out of three cases the father. 28.2% of mothers with a child younger than one year were current smokers.

    This prevalence rate increased with the age of the youngest child up to 35.6% for mothers, whose youngest child was 5 years old.

    Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between smoking behaviour and the following variables : mother's age, social class, family status, community size and year of the survey.

    It was found that lower social class members, unmarried or divorced mothers and inhabitants of large cities reported significantly more often regular current smoking.

    These results underscore the importance of special intervention programms to reduce smoking in parents with young children.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme passif, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Mère, Milieu familial, Statut socioéconomique, Tabagisme, Allemagne, Europe, Ouest

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Passive smoking, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Mother, Family environment, Socioeconomic status, Tobacco smoking, Germany, Europe, West

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0434746

    Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 19/12/1997.