Zur arbeitsmedizinischen Bedeutung der Hepatitis C bei Beschäftigten im Gesundheitsdienst.
Traduction en anglais : Importance of Hepatitis C for the public health service staff.
Transmission of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is similar to the one observed with hepatitis B virus.
The most important route of infection in health care personnel is by needlestick injury.
In the course of a literature review 44 publications on HCV prevalence or incidence among hospital employees were studied and an overall transmission incidence of 2,2% was found.
As none of the publications dealt with the problem of chronic Hepatitis C, 245 persons with elevated transaminases occupied Freiburg University Hospital were tested for HCV antibodies. 3 out of 82 non-medical professionals and 19 out of 163 health care workers were anti HCV positive (RR=3.22 : p<0,05).
Charwomen in medical departments, nurses and dentists had a higher relative risk than physicians and technical assistants.
As no HCV vaccine is available the only way of HCV-prevention is compliance with universal precautions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Exposition professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Piqûre, Aiguille, Transmission, Epidémiologie, Médecine travail, Synthèse bibliographique, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Occupational exposure, Health staff, Sting, Needle, Transmission, Epidemiology, Occupational medicine, Bibliographic survey, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0434745
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 19/12/1997.