Effects of age on perinatal substance abuse among whites and African Americans.
This descriptive study assessed age effects on perinatal use of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine among African-American and white women.
Data were derived from the California Perinatal Exposure Study, relying on a statistical probability sample (n=29,494) of women who underwent anonymous urine toxicology screening in birthing hospitals.
The central hypothesis was that there would be no difference in age effects on drug use among white and African-American women.
Marital status and payment source were used as risk factors in order to create detailed age-risk profiles for both racial-ethnic groups.
Logistic regression analyses were used and findings indicated that cocaine use peaked in early adulthood for whites and in mid-adulthood for African Americans who had higher prevalence levels with the same or fewer risk factors as whites.
Over one third of African-American women in their mid-thirties who were not married and who had publicly assisted births tested positive for cocaine.
In contrast, high risk whites had higher marijuana prevalence levels than African-American women, and prevalence increased with age.
Alcohol prevalence increased with age for African-American and white women who were publicly assisted, but decreased with age for all others. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Marihuana, Cocaïne, Boisson alcoolisée, Gestation, Age mère, Etude comparative, Ethnie, Caucasoïde, Négroïde, Noir américain, Adulte, Homme, Femelle, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Marihuana, Cocaine, Alcoholic beverage, Pregnancy, Maternal age, Comparative study, Ethnic group, Caucasoid, Negroid, Black American, Adult, Human, Female, Risk factor, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0433836
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 19/12/1997.