The primary aim of this study was to assess patterns of prescribing of analgesic medications in a primary care setting in South Africa.
Medication records of 47 103 patients for the year 1995 were retrospectively reviewed.
Analgesic agents represented 12.3% of the total number and 14.2% of the total cost of all the products prescribed.
Analgesic products were prescribed to nearly three times as many females as males.
Most analgesic prescriptions were for non-opioid analgesics (93.8%). More than half (56.8%) of all the prescriptions for analgesics were available without a prescription from a medical practitioner.
Analgesic prescription diminished as age increased.
The high prescribing rate of analgesics to children younger than 10 years was a cause for concern.
Furthermore, meprobamate-containing analgesics accounted for 12.2% of central nervous system drugs and 28.1% of the non-opioid analgesics that were prescribed.
This finding was also a cause for concern due to the dependence-producing properties of meprobamate.
It was concluded that the pharmacist has an important role to fulfil in the counselling of patients with respect to the use of analgesic products.
Mots-clés Pascal : Analgésique, Prescription médicale, Age, Sexe, Adulte, Homme, Enfant, Etude comparative, République Sud Africaine, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Analgesic, Medical prescription, Age, Sex, Adult, Human, Child, Comparative study, South Africa, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0433377
Code Inist : 002B02B05. Création : 19/12/1997.