Managed care pharmacy, socioeconomic assessments and drug adoption decisions.
A telephone survey of a representative national sample of 51 large managed care organizations in the U.S. (>50,000 enrollees) was undertaken (1) to understand the role of socioeconomic assessments on drug adoption decisions ; (2) to determine the sources of these assessments and the reliance of managed care pharmacy on each ; and (3) to determine the resources for internally versus externally performed drug assessments.
Socioeconomic assessments (clinical effectiveness, safety, cost of treatment, cost-effectiveness, and quality of life) are often tied to formulary decisions.
Plans differ in their use of externally available socioeconomic assessments and in their ratings of the importance to decision making of drug assessments from the various sources.
Those using a specific source of drug assessment information rated them in the following order of importance : PBM assessments, other HMOs, peer reviewed literature, evaluations performed by industry, articles in non-peer reviewed publications and, lastly, government reports.
Timeliness and comprehensiveness are important components of the overall utility of information.
A high percentage of plans reported using some of the various types of assessments, with clinical effectiveness most common, and cost-effectiveness second.
The percentage of new drugs that undergo assessments in each of the plans covers a broad range, with 57% of the plans evaluating at least half of all new drugs. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Soin intégré, Médicament, Enquête socioéconomique, Analyse coût efficacité, Qualité vie, Sécurité, Economie santé, Prise décision, Homme, Politique sanitaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Managed care, Drug, Socioeconomical inquiry, Cost efficiency analysis, Quality of life, Safety, Health economy, Decision making, Human, Health policy, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0432490
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 19/12/1997.