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  1. IgM antibody against measles virus in patients with inflammatory bowel disease : a marker of virus-related disease ?

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    Viral infections of the mesenteric microvascular endothelium have been hypothesized as pathogenetic factors in inflammatory bowel diseases.

    The aim of this study was to determine whether immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody against measles virus is associated with disease.

    Patients and methods 

    The IgM antibody was detected by indirect antibody test in 36 patients with evidence of Crohn's disease (23 males and 13 females, median age 40 years, range 20-66), 22 patients with ulcerative colitis (14 males and 8 females, median age 42 years, range 19-65), 59 patients with a chronic active hepatitis (35 males and 24 females, median age 56 years, range 38-77) and 30 blood donors (20 males and 10 females, median age 45 years, range 29-62).

    Results 

    Twenty-eight of 36 patients (78%) with Crohn's disease and 13 of 22 patients (59%) with ulcerative colitis tested positive as compared to only 3 of 89 (3.3%) controls (P¾0.001).

    Conclusion 

    The detection of IgM anti-measles virus in the majority of patients with Crohn's disease and in about half of ulcerative colitis patients as compared to a very low prevalence in patients with other chronic inflammatory disease is consistent with the hypothesis that the measles virus has pathogenetic implications in inflammatory bowel diseases.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Rectocolite ulcérohémorragique, Entérite Crohn, Effet biologique, Virus rougeole, Morbillivirus, Paramyxoviridae, Virus, Pathogénie, Prédisposition, Incidence, Diagnostic, IgM, Etude statistique, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Maladie inflammatoire, Peau pathologie, ORL pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ulcerative colitis, Crohn disease, Biological effect, Measles virus, Morbillivirus, Paramyxoviridae, Virus, Pathogenesis, Predisposition, Incidence, Diagnosis, IgM, Statistical study, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Inflammatory disease, Skin disease, ENT disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0428850

    Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 19/12/1997.