Impact of roles of women on health in India.
India's population has more than doubled since 1961.
Although India has been a leader in developing health and population policies, there have been major implementation problems due to poverty, gender discrimination, and illiteracy.
Yet, three-quarters of the food produced annually in India is because of women.
In 1991, only 39.3% of Indian women were literate.
The literacy level of women can affect reproductive behavior, use of contraceptives, health and upbringing of children, proper hygienic practises, access to jobs and the overall status of women in the society.
Early marriage and childbirth was a major determinant of women's health and was also responsible for the prevailing socioeconomic underdevelopment in India.
The overall maternal mortality for India is 572.3 per 100000 births, ranging from 14.9% in Bihar to 1.3% in Kerala.
Anemia is an indirect factor in 64.4% of the maternal deaths.
Trained birth attendants currently assist in about 60-80% of all births in women at the time of delivery.
Socioeconomic factors are responsible for maternal deaths to a large extent - money in 18.3%, transport in 13.7%. When the mother dies it doubles the chances of death of her surviving sons and quadruples that of her daughters.
Among the avoidable factors in maternal deaths, lack of antenatal care is the most important.
Women, if educated and aware, can improve the health of their children by simple measures like good hygiene, exercise and dietary habits. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Education santé, Organisation santé, Article synthèse, Homme, Femelle, Inde, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Health education, Public health organization, Review, Human, Female, India, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0428751
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 19/12/1997.