Women and the third and fourth age.
In 1900, the world population was less than 1.7 billion people ; the United Nations projects that in 2000 it will be 6.2, and in 2020,7.9 billion.
The proportion of the elderly (65 years and over), will increase from 5.1% (1950) to 6.8% by the year 2000 and to 8.8% by 2020, when out of an elderly population of 796 million people, 124 million are projected to be 80 years and over.
Due to an increasing gender inequality in life expectation, the majority of the elderly will be women.
An aged population is a basically new feature in the history of humanity, the implications of which are - as yet - incompletely understood.
It is clear, however, that the last years of life are accompanied by an increase in disability and sickness, with very high demands for health and social services.
Hence, the soaring elderly population will raise major social, economic and ethical issues worldwide and may strain to the limit the ability of health, social and economic infrastructures of many countries.
It may also result in an increasingly large proportion of humanity (the elderly in general and elderly women, in particular) living in absolute poverty.
The demographic, health, socioeconomic and ethical dimensions of the problem are discussed with particular emphasis on the situation of elderly women and a plea is made for greatly increased medical and socioeconomic research.
Mots-clés Pascal : Démographie, Etude socioéconomique, Ethique, Recherche, Morbidité, Mortalité, Article synthèse, Vieillard, Homme, Femelle, Espérance vie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Demography, Socioeconomic study, Ethics, Research, Morbidity, Mortality, Review, Elderly, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0428572
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 19/12/1997.