To compute ratios of severe pregnancy complications (the number of hospitalizations for pregnancy complications per 100 deliveries) and to examine factors associated with their prevalence.
Using population-based California hospital discharge data to estimate hospitalization ratios of pregnancy complications during 1987-1992, we defined cases by preselected pregnancy complication codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, excluding induced abortions and delivery-associated complications.
All hospital deliveries of liveborn or stillborn infants were included in our denominator.
We examined ratios by age, race-ethnicity, payment source, total hospitalization charges, and length of hospital stay.
There were 833,264 hospitalizations for pregnancy complications in California (25 complications per 100 deliveries), which included admissions for preterm labor (33%), genitourinary infection (16%), and pregnancy-induced hypertension (15%). Age-specific ratios were highest for women 14 years old and younger (38 per 100 deliveries) and lowest for women 25-29 years old (23 per 100 deliveries).
Ratios of complications varied by race-ethnicity ; black women had the highest (42 per 100 deliveries), and Asian-Pacific Islander women had the lowest (21 per 100 deliveries).
Mots-clés Pascal : Gestation, Complication, Grave, Hospitalisation, Facteur risque, Economie santé, Analyse coût, Homme, Femelle, Gestation pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pregnancy, Complication, Severe, Hospitalization, Risk factor, Health economy, Cost analysis, Human, Female, Pregnancy disorders
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0428432
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 19/12/1997.