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  1. Patterns of health risk behaviors for chronic disease : A comparison between adolescent and adult American Indians living on or near reservations in Montana.

    Article - En anglais

    Purpose 

    To compare the chronic disease health risk behavior patterns of adolescents and adults among American Indians living on or near reservations in Montana.

    Methods 

    We analyzed data from the 1993 Youth Risk Behavior Survey of American Indians in Grades 9-12 living on or near Montana reservations.

    Risk factors included tobacco use, low physical activity, attempted weight loss, and low consumption of fruits, vegetables, and green salad.

    Similar data were analyzed from a 1994 Behavioral Risk Factor Survey of American Indian adults living on or near reservations in Montana.

    Results 

    The prevalence of most adolescent health risk behaviors was high, especially cigarette smoking (45% for males, 57% for females), smokeless tobacco use (44% for males, 30% for females), and infrequent consumption of salad or vegetables (59-76%). With the exception of daily cigarette smoking and inadequate fruit consumption among adolescents of both genders and physical inactivity among adolescent males, the prevalence of chronic disease health risk behaviors among adolescents was similar to or higher than the prevalence of the same risk behaviors among adults.

    Conclusions 

    Many health risk behaviors for chronic diseases are common by the time this group of American Indians in Montana has reached adolescence.

    Possible reasons may include modeling of familial behaviors, peer pressure, advertising, or age cohort effects. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prise risque, Maladie, Chronique, Amérindien, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte, Montana, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Comportement, Santé

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Risk taking, Disease, Chronic, Amerindian, Adolescent, Human, Adult, Montana, United States, North America, America, Behavior, Health

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0428202

    Code Inist : 002A26N03A. Création : 19/12/1997.