The authors studied a cohort of 30,157 male pulp and paper workers in British Columbia, Canada.
Of these, 20,373 worked in kraft mills only, 5,249 in sulfite mills only, and 4,535 in both kraft and sulfite mills.
All workers with at least 1 year of employment on January 1,1950, or thereafter until December 31,1992, were studied.
Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were used to compare the mortality rates of the cohort with those of the Canadian male population.
Ninety percent confidence intervals (Cls) for the SMRs were obtained.
Cancer risks significantly associated with work duration and time from first employment of 15 years or more were observed : 1) total cohort : pleura (SMR=3.61,90% Cl 1.42-7.58) ; kidney (SMR=1.69,90% Cl 1.13-2.43) ; brain (SMR=1.51,90% Cl 1.03-2.16) ; 2) workers in kraft mills only : kidney (SMR=1.92,90% Cl 1.04-3.26) ; 3) workers in sulfite mills only : Hodgkin's disease (SMR=4.79,90% Cl 1.29-12.37) ; 4) workers ever employed in both kraft and sulfite mills : esophagus (SMR=1.91,90% Cl 1.00-3.33).
These malignancies have been associated with the following known or suspected carcinogens to which pulp and paper workers may have been exposed : asbestos (pleura), biocides (kidney), formaldehyde (kidney, brain, Hodgkin's disease), hypochlorite (esophagus).
A nested case-control study with detailed exposure assessment is under way to help determine whether excess risks for specific cancers reflect exposure among subsets of workers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Industrie papier, Pâte sulfate, Homme, Tumeur maligne, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Colombie britannique, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude cohorte
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Epidemiology, Paper industry, Sulfate pulp, Human, Malignant tumor, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, British Columbia, Canada, North America, America, Cohort study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0428061
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 19/12/1997.