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  1. Indices of body fat distribution in Spanish children aged 4.0 to 14.9 years.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    Reference values for the main indices of body fat distribution in children are not available.

    Methods 

    The study population comprised 1638 Caucasian children and adolescents : 848 boys and 790 girls, with ages ranging from 4.0 to 14.9 years, and living in the central part of Spain (Provincia de Zaragoza).

    The waist-to-hip circumference ratio and the triceps-to-subscapular skinfold thickness ratio were measured.

    Results 

    In boys, mean waist-to-hip circumference ratio ranges from 0.834, at 13.5 years, to 0.896 at 4.5 years.

    In girls, waist-to-hip circumference ratio ranges from 0.756, at 14.5 years, to 0.877, at 4.5 years.

    We observed a decrease of waist-to-hip circumference ratio with age, especially in girls.

    In boys, triceps-to-subscapular skinfold thickness ratio ranges from 1.360, at age 14.5, to 1.704, at age 5.5. In girls, triceps-to-subscapular skinfold thickness ratio ranges from 1.468, at age 13.5, to 1.727, at age 9.5. We observed a decrease with age only in boys.

    Conclusions 

    We present reference values for the main indices of body fat distribution, which could be useful in clinical practice.

    However, research is needed that will compare these indices with data on body fat distribution obtained by a gold standard method, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Exploration clinique, Distribution, Graisse, Corps, Epaisseur couche, Peau, Norme, Etude statistique, Enfant, Homme, Espagne, Europe, Appareil digestif, Développement, Métabolisme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Clinical investigation, Distribution, Grease, Body, Layer thickness, Skin, Standards, Statistical study, Child, Human, Spain, Europe, Digestive system, Development, Metabolism

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 97-0427809

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 19/12/1997.