To identify easily ascertainable sociodemographic and health characteristics that are associated with hypoalbuminemia in community-dwelling older persons, we used data from the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
This population-based stratified probability sample survey included 4728 persons aged 55-74 y. We defined hypoalbuminemia in two ways :<35 g/L (1.2% of the sample) or ¾ 38 g/L (7.9% of the sample) and used multivariate logistic models to identify independent predictors of hypoalbuminemia.
Older age ; receiving welfare ; a condition interfering with eating ; vomiting = 3 d/mo ; previous surgery for gastrointestinal tumor ; self-reported heart failure ; recurring cough attacks ; feeling tired or wornout ; edentulous, fair, or poor condition of teeth ; little or no exercise ; a low-salt diet ; trouble chewing meat ; self-reported protein albumin, blood, or sugar in urine ; and current cigarette smoking were independently associated with albuminemia (¾ 38 g/L) or progressively lower albumin concentrations<40 g/L. Persons with 3-5 of these factors (51.5% of the sample) had an odds ratio of 2.73 (95% CI : 1.64,4.54) and those with = 6 factors (9.4% of the sample) had an odds ratio of 6.44 (95% CI : 3.49,11.86) of albuminemia ¾ 38 g/L compared with those with 0-2 risk factors (39.1% of the sample). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Statut socioéconomique, Etat sanitaire, Mode de vie, Surveillance sanitaire, Facteur risque, Hypoalbuminémie, Malnutrition, Albumine, Epidémiologie, Trouble métabolisme, Trouble nutrition, Vieillard, Homme, Etablissement troisième âge
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Socioeconomic status, Health status, Life habit, Sanitary surveillance, Risk factor, Hypoalbuminemia, Malnutrition, Albumin, Epidemiology, Metabolic disorder, Nutrition disorder, Elderly, Human, Homes for the aged
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0427658
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 19/12/1997.