Gender differences in depressive symptoms in adolescence : comparison of national samples of clinically referred and nonreferred youths.
Gender differences in depressed mood, a syndrome of mixed anxiety-depression, and an analogue of major depressive disorder were compared in parents'and adolescents'reports in 2 large, demographically matched national samples of clinically referred and nonreferred adolescents.
Referral status accounted for the greatest share of the variance in these problems.
Gender differences were moderate in size and consistent in referred youths, with referred girls scoring higher than referred boys on all measures, whereas gender differences in nonreferred adolescents were either nonsignificant or small in magnitude.
Gender differences were also larger in magnitude in adolescents'self-reports than in parents'reports.
The interaction of age and gender was nonsignificant in all analyses.
Implications for understanding the extent of gender differences in adolescents'depressive symptoms are highlighted.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Symptomatologie, Sexe, Age, Epidémiologie, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Mood disorder, Symptomatology, Sex, Age, Epidemiology, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0426836
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 19/12/1997.