Copyright (c) 1997 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
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According to several reports sudden infant death rates have decreased significantly after public campaigns aimed at reducing the incidence of sleeping in a prone position.
The Styrian population (1.2 million inhabitants), who have been studied from 1984, also showed a significant drop in the incidence of cot death during 1989 (from 2 to 1).
The year before, a campaign for the prevention of cot death had been launched.
This included the recommendation to prevent infants from lying in a prone position during sleep.
Part of the prevention programme consisted of a detailed questionnaire filled in and returned by the parents.
These data, on 29 970 infants from 1989 to 1994, provided information on the frequency of prone sleeping in 37% of our total population and as a consequence on parental response to the campaign.
Calculating the data per year led to the surprising result that the reduction by half (from 50% to 25%) in the prevalence of sleeping in a prone position did not occur in 1989, when the drop in the incidence of cot death occurred, but 3 years later, in 1992.
The following years saw a further decrease of prone position to 7% but no appreciable change in the incidence of cot death.
However, during those 11 years of study about 80% of the victims were consistently found dead lying in a prone position. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Incidence, Position, Sommeil, Décubitus ventral, Mortalité, Postnatal, Mort subite, Nourrisson, Homme, Epidémiologie, Nouveau né pathologie, Nouveau né
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Incidence, Position, Sleep, Ventral decubitus, Mortality, Postnatal, Sudden death, Infant, Human, Epidemiology, Newborn diseases, Newborn
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0426651
Code Inist : 002B27B11. Création : 19/12/1997.