The present study examined the prevalence and determinants of smoking among patients receiving different psychiatric diagnoses (DSM-III-R).
The study sample of 1,217 in-and outpatients, 13 to 88 years of age, treated at the Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, in eastern Finland, was interviewed with two sets of questions during May 1993.
The prevalence of smoking was significantly higher in male (62% vs. 34%) and female patients (40% vs. 22%) compared to the general population.
Among men the highest rate was observed in schizophrenia and among women in personality disorder.
In persons with major depression or personality disorder smoking was related to the level of depression.
The best determinants of smoking in multiple logistic models were alcohol drinking, poor financial situation and male gender.
Education, or marital status were not associated with smoking after adjustment for confounders.
Because psychiatric patients smoke so much, prevention approaches are clearly indicated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Tabagisme, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Finlande, Europe, Sexe, Etude comparative, Diagnostic, Niveau étude, Statut conjugal, Statut socioéconomique, Trouble personnalité, Névrose, Age, Homme, Schizophrénie, Psychose, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Tobacco smoking, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Finland, Europe, Sex, Comparative study, Diagnosis, Education level, Marital status, Socioeconomic status, Personality disorder, Neurosis, Age, Human, Schizophrenia, Psychosis, Depression, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0426628
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 19/12/1997.