Pattern of bacterial meningitis in Italy, 1994.
During 1994,603 cases of bacterial meningitis were reported in Italy.
Seventy-five percent of cases with determined etiology was due to three agents : Neisseria meningitidis (33.4%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (23.4%) and Haemophilus influenzae (18.6%). The majority of cases due to N. meningitidis and H. influenzae occurred in subjects below five years of age (35.7% and 84.8%, respectively) while S. pneumoniae accounted for 52.8% of meningitis cases in subjects older than 44 year of age.
The estimated incidence of N. meningitidis on the national population in 1994 was 0.27 per 100,000.
Serogroup B accounted for 62.5% of the serotyped isolates, group C for 23.1%, group A for 7.2%, group W135 for 3.6%, group Y for 1.8%. All tested meningococcal strains were susceptible to penicillin as well as to rifampin.
Incidence of meningococcal meningitis in 1994 has been low suggesting that its relative importance compared to other bacteria causing meningitis is likely to change in the future.
Therefore, extended surveillance on bacterial meningitis by other etiological agents has to be maintained and implemented in order to undertake the appropriate control measures and evaluate their effect.
Mots-clés Pascal : Méningite, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Homme, Italie, Europe, Incidence, Surveillance, Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseriaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Age, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Meningitis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Human, Italy, Europe, Incidence, Surveillance, Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseriaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Age, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 97-0423150
Code Inist : 002B05B02I. Création : 19/12/1997.